Tackling Carbs with Tech

Many people who live with diabetes avidly avoid eating carbohydrates, as historically speaking, it has been notoriously difficult to cover carbohydrates appropriately with exogenous insulins. But with access to better, faster insulins and the uptick in the use of patient-friendly technology, things are changing, and people’s diets (and their feelings of freedom) have expanded more than ever. Here are the best tech-friendly hacks to tackle the carbohydrate conundrum.

MyNetDiary

This popular app has a searchable database with nearly a million food entries for people to access and look up carbohydrate counts on the go. The company also has a separate Diabetes app that allows users to track blood glucose levels, HbA1c results, and insulin doses, to track their progress over time. If you’re looking to lose weight, MyNetDiary can create a diet plan to meet your needs. You never have to feel restricted when eating meals with family or friends, having all your carbohydrate counting needs right at your fingertips.

Photo credit: GreaterGoods

GreaterGoods Nourish Digital Scale

This food scale is a game changer for those who cook with lots of fresh produce, where carbohydrate counts can vary quite a bit. This scale lets the user view nutrition facts for over 2,000 foods in the scale’s built-in database, and create up to 99 more custom entries. Measure individual ingredients, track full meals, and calculate daily carbohydrate intake much easier with this digital scale.

InPen

This revolutionary device is the only FDA-approved smart pen insulin system that helps prevent users from “stacking” their insulin doses and take the right amount of insulin at the right time. This device works in tandem with a phone app, where users can track insulin on board/active insulin, personalize your doses, sync with continuous glucose monitor (CGM) or glucometer data, and share reports with others. The pen itself is compatible with Humalog, Novolog, and Fiasp, and will even dose in half units. Eating carbohydrates has traditionally been much harder on multiple daily injections, but advancements such as the InPen are making strides to make life much easier for people with diabetes.

Use Alternative Pump Boluses

If you are an insulin pump user, dosing for a high carbohydrate meal can also be difficult, especially if the meal also has a moderate amount of protein and fat (which can delay the absorption of the glucose in the meal). To handle that, try opting for a combination bolus (a.k.a. Combo Bolus or Dual Wave Bolus,  for Animas or Medtronic users, respectively; Omnipod, Tandem t:slim users will use “Extended Bolus”). This is a hybrid delivery mode: a specified portion of the total insulin bolus is delivered upfront, as a normal bolus, while the rest is delivered over a specified period of time as an extended/square wave bolus.

For example, given a 12U dose delivered as a 60/40 combination/square wave bolus over 3 hours: 60% of the total dose (7.2U) will be delivered within seconds of pressing the “deliver” button; the remaining 40% (4.8U) will be delivered equally every few minutes over the next three hours. The result is an initial dose to cover faster-digesting foods, plus an extended amount of insulin action to deal with the slower-digesting foods (which tend to be fattier or have more protein), and to prevent postprandial spikes in blood glucose. Utilizing these settings can be extremely helpful when you’re eating foods like pizza, pasta, Chinese food, Mexican food, or ice cream. Always consult with your diabetes healthcare provider before making any changes to your dosing routine.

Dexcom CLARITY Diabetes Management Software

Photo credit: Dexcom

Dexcom Clarity App

This software can be helpful for patients already using the Dexcom continuous glucose monitoring system, but are wanting to track and change problematic patterns in their blood glucose. This app lets you set target goals for your blood sugars, will track time-in-range, detects patterns of highs and lows and will alert you to them, and will even give the user a predicted HbA1c result. You can also choose to share your data with your health clinic to make changes to your insulin routine or insulin to carbohydrate ratio in real time, and to really find what will work best for you for optimal management.

Living with diabetes is never easy, but thankfully technology has made counting carbohydrates and eating easier than ever before. What apps or tech has helped you to navigate food, eating, and counting carbohydrates? What’s worked best and what hasn’t? Share this post and comment below; we love hearing from our readers!

Source: diabetesdaily.com

Diabetes and Reality TV, with Marcus Lacour from Say I Do

By Alexi Melvin

Netflix’s “Say I Do” is a reality show about surprise dream weddings, but its first episode showcased something we don’t often see in reality TV – type 1 diabetes (T1D). In the episode, Marcus LaCour was given the chance to surprise his wife Tiffany with a magnificent wedding do-over.

Alongside planning and logistics, Marcus also spoke candidly about his life with type 1 diabetes, spurred by a conversation around how wedding catering decisions needed to take into account the food choices he makes to help manage his blood sugar levels. We caught up with Marcus to chat about his experience on the show, how he handled presenting his type 1 diabetes to the world, and where he and his family are now.

Did you ever imagine that you’d be on a TV show on Netflix?

I definitely didn’t expect it. It’s one of those things where you’re like, you know what? If it happens great, if it doesn’t, it’s great too. I don’t think it dawned on me really until we started shooting. Once we started filming, I was like, “Oh, this is it. This is legit.”

When you were talking about your T1D on the show, it came across so well. Is that something you discussed beforehand with the producers? Did you preface anything or was it organic?

It was organic. We literally were just sitting and talking about it. The subject of food came up and early on I told them, “Hey, I’m a type 1 diabetic.” We were just having a conversation of, “Hey, how’s this, how’s that? How did that happen? How were you diagnosed?” Literally, just conversation flowed from there. In my honest opinion, it was one of the most genuine conversations I’ve had with anyone about my condition, just because it was in a room and in the area where there was an open space where I could tell them everything I needed to tell them about the condition.

You touched on how much your wife did for you when you had a situation where you lost your healthcare – the rationing of food and things like that. Did that also include rationing of insulin? Were you having issues with getting supplies?

I was. I was getting samples from my doctor’s office at one point. You know when you’re trying to ration insulin or trying to pick the insulin you can afford, it’s not as effective as what you’re used to. I was getting the regular 70/30 mix insulin pens. I kept bottoming out throughout random times of the day. I was used to taking NovoLog but [at one point, my doctor] didn’t have any NovoLog samples. So I was literally just getting whatever he had.

When [my doctor] did get the NovoLog pens, I was using those thinking, okay, he should have some more samples. Well, there was a time where he didn’t, and that time for about a month maybe, we’ll say three weeks, I was rationing my insulin, because I’m trying to make sure that if I do go high, I have enough to cover the high. If I go low, just [having food] to eat, but more importantly, what you need on a daily basis [to keep your levels stable].

One day, the doc called and said they didn’t have any samples. I was down in my last 10 units. So for about an extra two and a half, almost three weeks, I was rationing 10 units of insulin.

When did that situation start getting better for you?

I ended up getting a loan from my boss because at the time I started a new position and he was like, “I don’t want to see you suffer.” At the time, NovoLog Flex Pens were $250 for the pack. So he gave me a check for $250 and said, “Hey, go get your meds.” So that was how I got through that. Then somehow, by some sort of miracle, after that pack ended, my doctor, all of a sudden, got samples again.

What is your management routine like now?

It’s the Omnipod right now. I’ve got better insurance that covers the pods altogether. It’s still an adjustment for me though, because I’m used to not having a PDM. Before, [when] I was on the injections, it was, wake up, take your long term, and then just carry the Humalog pen on me at all times. Then with the pump, [if] we’re going to work out, I forget to suspend my insulin flow. Or if the site doesn’t take, having to double check and make sure blood sugars aren’t really high. So it’s a couple of different things, but it’s not bad. It’s still an adjustment though.

Do you feel you prefer the MDI or do you feel the pump ultimately is going to be better?

I’m already seeing changes in my numbers, just from average standpoint. On the shots, the lowest my A1C was, or I could get it, with 6.9, 6.8, but now I’m seeing, that even though there are days where I may be high because the pod didn’t take, or I may run low, those days are few and far between, so I’m running normal on a lot more of a regular basis.

Do you use a Continuous Glucose Monitor (CGM)?

I don’t. It looks we have to go four months without a CGM and track those numbers before insurance will approve it.

In terms of your diet, on the show, you talked about how you’re conscious of what foods are going to spike your blood sugar. Is there a specific diet you to stick to? Are there certain foods you prefer or are you getting more flexible with it because of the pump?

I am still a very conscious eater. I prefer to eat clean. Everything has to have a balance. Now I know with the pump, you have that freedom to literally eat whatever you want. But for me, when I was diagnosed, I didn’t have that option. So, it was literally sticking to that diet, sticking to that regimen. Everything has to have a fresh fruit or fresh vegetable, [there] has to be a starch. There has to be a grain and there has to be a protein. That’s the only way that I know.

I came across a comment online that said, “Well, diabetics can eat whatever they want.” It’s very true. But for me, I don’t want to run that risk. I think I’ve always done something whenever I got a new insulin, when I got my Humalog, I wanted to make sure it worked. So I got a peanut butter Twix, took it to cover it, just to see what it would do. When I got my pump, I had a chocolate chip cookie just to make sure it was working. It would work, but overall, my diet is consistent. I prefer to eat clean. It’s just because I know these things aren’t going to have a whole lot of impact on my blood sugar.

I saw on Instagram that your daughter’s been learning more about your T1D management. How’s that going?

It’s going well honestly. Before, when I was taking my shot, it was just, “Hey, Daddy’s got to take his insulin,” or, “Daddy’s got to check his blood sugar.” So she’d always been curious about it. Then one day I had to change my pod. “Are you changing your pod, Daddy?” “Yeah, Daddy’s changing his pod. you want to watch?” “Yeah, I want to watch.” So she came in and got hands on. I always want to make her aware just in case something happens. If my blood sugar goes low and I’m unresponsive, or if I’m too low and I can’t get up to get anything, I want to make sure she’s aware to say, “Oh, Daddy’s not feeling well. Daddy he needs something to eat.” Or, “Something’s going on. Let me tell Mommy.” I always want to make sure she’s aware of what my condition is, not to scare her, but to the point where she can be reactive.

Who did you have as a support system when you were first diagnosed?

My mom was my biggest supporter. I didn’t keep it from my friends, but I felt they wouldn’t be able to understand. They were used to me just being able to get up and do whatever. If we wanted to play football, it was get up and do it without having to worry about anything. They knew I had type 1 diabetes, but they didn’t know the entire scope of what it meant to take care of that condition. So it was my mom. Then over time, my friends started to get a little bit more of an understanding of it. So my friends would ask, “Hey, what’s your blood sugar like? Are you OK?” Or if I was going to the gym to work out with some of my buddies, “Hey, don’t forget your meter.” Or I’d always bring my meter with me and I’d have to check in the middle of work out, see either I’m high or low, or just to figure out where I was at. They would always ask, so they held me accountable in that regard.

Have you been getting a lot of people in the type 1 community reaching out on Instagram or social media?

I’ve gotten that. It’s always refreshing because [they’re] like, “Thank you for representing and letting the world know about your condition.” Well, it’s a part of me. I’d be foolish to hide it, like, “I don’t have a condition.”

Had you been involved in the type 1 community at all before appearing on Say I Do?

Not necessarily. I’ve always wanted to though. I’ve been at this for almost 20 years, it’ll be 20 years in November. When I first got diagnosed, there weren’t a lot of support groups. There weren’t very many places for me to go where I could vent or even if I had high blood sugars or even lows, how to combat that and deal with those. But now times have changed. I would love to be able to get out and talk to people about what our condition is and how to manage it effectively.

What’s next for you and your family?

Honestly, I am not sure. I work for a Children’s Hospital down here, so I recruit for them and it’s just more or less just going with everything at this point, just laying back and enjoying the ride while we have it.

Do you think you’re going to seek out more TV opportunities?

To be honest, I don’t know. This is all new. It’s all new to both of us. If more opportunities come, then yeah. Absolutely. But it really just depends on what comes down the pipes. I think the ultimate goal would be just for us to just enjoy this and see where it takes us.

Source: diabetesdaily.com

Can You Manage Diabetes Well Without Lots of Money?

If you live in a country like the United States, where the majority of health insurance is privatized and there is no strong social safety net, it can feel as though managing a chronic disease like diabetes requires nothing but lots of money. And it does. As of 2017, diabetes cost the United States a staggering $327 billion dollars per year on direct health care costs, and people with diabetes average 2.3x higher health care costs per year than people living without the disease.

Diabetes is also devastatingly expensive personally: the cost of insulin has risen over 1200% in the past few decades, with no change to the chemical formula. In 1996, when Eli Lilly’s Humalog was first released, the price for a vial of insulin was $21. In 2019, that same vial costs around $275. Studies show that 1 in 4 people ration insulin simply due to cost. Diabetes Daily recently conducted a survey study, with almost 2,000 participants, of which an overwhelming 44% reported  struggling to afford their insulin.

So where does this leave patients who don’t have tons of money to spend on insulin and supplies, or who don’t have adequate health insurance coverage for the technology to help prevent complications? Can you manage diabetes well without lots of money? The short answer is yes. The long answer is a bit more complicated.

Best Practices for Managing with Less

If you have insurance coverage, but are unable to afford a continuous glucose monitor (CGM) or insulin pump, it’s advisable to follow best practices for optimal diabetes management. According to the Mayo Clinic, one should test their blood sugar:

  • Upon waking
  • Before meals and snacks
  • Before and after exercise
  • Before bed
  • More often during illness
  • More often when traveling or changing a daily routine
  • More often if on a new medication

One study has even shown that following a lower carbohydrate diet can improve health outcomes, reduce complications, and cut down on medication costs for people living with diabetes.

The study goes on to say that, “…insulin dependent diabetics can expect to half or third their insulin requirements. Less insulin injected results in more predictable blood sugars and less hypoglycemia.” However, no patient should ever feel pressured to follow a low carbohydrate diet solely to control the cost of their medications. There can be more effective ways to manage the cost of medications and supplies.

Photo credit: Adobe Stock

No Matter What You Think, Get Coverage

People with diabetes need health insurance coverage. In the short term, this makes sense, as insulin and things like insulin pumps, continuous glucose monitors, syringes, and test strips are expensive. But it also makes sense long term as well. People with diabetes can face serious complications as they age: diabetes is the leading cause of adult blindness and amputations, and is a leading cause of stroke, kidney failure, heart disease and premature death in its sufferers. Having health insurance helps pay for things like surgery, preventive screenings, doctors’ appointments and follow-up care, and any additional medicine and needs that’s needed.

It may seem cheaper to forego coverage, but don’t. Check to see if you’re eligible for Medicaid in your state. If you are, this comprehensive coverage will help you access affordable medication, doctors’ visits, emergency and preventive care. If Medicaid is not an option, see if you qualify for a tax subsidy on the federal or your state’s health exchange. There, you can find a range of affordable options that will cover your diabetes care and (especially) insulin prescriptions.

Get Help Paying for Insulin

Even if you have health insurance coverage, the cost of your insulin may be prohibitively high. According to the CDC, between 2007 and 2017, the percentage of adults aged 18-64 enrolled in a high deductible health plan rose from 10.6% to 24.5%. These plans have a high dollar amount that consumers must meet before their plan kicks in to help pay for things like prescriptions or hospital stays. Some high deductible health plans have deductibles as high as $10,000. This means that someone with diabetes could potentially pay the full $275 a vial for their insulin, every time they fill their prescription, until they reach their $10,000 deductible. These types of plans are cheaper monthly (have lower premiums), but don’t offer great coverage.

If you need help paying for your insulin, you can get low cost insulin through these assistance programs:

  • Eli Lilly’s $35 Co-Pay Program: Launched in early April in response to the COVID-19 crisis, Eli Lilly is introducing their Lilly Insulin Value Program, which allows anyone with commercial insurance and anyone without insurance to fill their monthly prescriptions of insulin for $35.
  • Novo Nordisk: Novo Nordisk has recently launched a $99 program, where people needing insulin assistance can purchase up to three vials or two packs of FlexPen®/FlexTouch®/Penfill® pens or any combination of insulins from Novo Nordisk Inc. for $99.
  • Sanofi: Launched in 2019, Sanofi’s program allows people living with diabetes in the United States to pay $99 for their Sanofi insulins (with a valid prescription), for up to 10 boxes of pens and/or 10 mL vials per month.
  • Medicare: Medicare recently unveiled a pilot program that would cap the cost of insulin. The Medicare Part D Senior Savings Model would cap insulin co-payments to $35 per month, starting in January 2021. Seniors must sign up for a plan that will qualify under the pilot during the open enrollment period, which is October 15 through December 7.
  • Buy a State-Regulated Health Plan: If you live in Colorado ($100 per prescription per month), Illinois ($100 per 30 day supply), Delaware ($100 per 30 day supply), New York ($100 per 30 day supply), Utah ($30 per 30 day supply), West Virginia ($100 per 30 day supply), Maine ($35 per 30 day supply), New Mexico ($25 per 30 day supply), Virginia ($50 per 30 day supply), Washington ($100 per 30 day supply), or New Hampshire ($30 per 30 day supply) and you buy a state-regulated health plan, you are eligible for a copayment cap on insulin (implementation dates pending, but Colorado was the first bill to be implemented and it went into effect January 1st, 2020).

Check the fine print of any health insurance plans on the federal or your state’s exchange to see if they are eligible for the copayment cap. More states are introducing legislation in 2021, so keep an eye out for a bill proposing some similar changes in your state!

Get Help Paying for Supplies

Several companies have launched affordability programs in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. A few new programs are:

  • Dexcom: Is offering up to two shipments of 90-days of Dexcom G6 Continuous Glucose Monitoring System supplies, with each shipment consisting of one transmitter and three boxes of three sensors for $45 per 90-day supply shipment. For existing customers only, if you qualify.
  • Omnipod: Is offering a six-month supply of products (60 pods) free of charge. The program is focused on current US customers who have lost jobs and health insurance as a result of the pandemic.
  • One Drop: This online subscription package charges the consumer a monthly fee, and you get access to cheaper test strips, online personal health coaching, and a mobile app to track your progress. If your health insurance doesn’t adequately cover test strips, this can be an affordable and effective way to go.
diabetes advocacy

Photo credit: T1International Instagram

Advocate for Change

If you see or are experiencing injustice, you should always try and advocate for change. This means writing letters to your elected officials, calling your members of Congress, petitioning your health insurer, testifying for bills that support better health care coverage, and raising your voice to improve policies that will benefit all people living with diabetes. Get involved in the diabetes online community on Facebook or Twitter. Sign up to become an advocate with T1International. Donate to your favorite diabetes charity who’s working to make things better.

Show up at your state capitol and talk to people about what it’s like to live with diabetes, how expensive it is, and how crucial good coverage and affordable medications really are. You can live a great life with diabetes, but coverage, laws, regulations, and policies can always be better. And things won’t improve until we have everyone at the table, advocating for change.

How are you able to manage well with less to spend? What policies or changes would you like to see in the US healthcare system that would make management easier for you? Share this post and your story, below!

Source: diabetesdaily.com

One Year into DIY Looping

One year ago, I built a DIY hybrid-looping insulin pump, using my Dexcom G6 and Omnipod. For those who aren’t in the know, DIY “looping” is basically “hacking” your insulin pump with a single-board computer, such a Raspberry Pi or Riley Link, to make it communicate with an existing continuous glucose monitor (CGM) to make basal adjustments accordingly.

It’s important to note that this is NOT FDA approved, but the #WeAreNotWaiting community has been sharing information on how to build your own DIY looping insulin pump for years now, and I took the plunge in 2019.

In July I celebrated one full year on my looping system, and wanted to share my thoughts on 365 days of looping.

I Still Have Diabetes

I remember when I first set up my Riley Link and switched on “auto-mode.” I had this magical vision of never counting carbohydrates again, limitless runs without lows, and forgetting what the thirst of a high blood sugar felt like. Then I realized, just as quickly, that I still have diabetes.

Even though my Dexcom continuous glucose monitor (CGM) readings now communicate with my insulin pump and make basal adjustments accordingly, the “hybrid” part means that it doesn’t anticipate, nor account for, any carbohydrates eaten. I also need to tell my pump when I’m about to exercise, and for how long. Since the insulin pump does not operate on artificial intelligence (AI), it cannot anticipate what I’ll do next.

So yes, I still have lows on runs and I still have highs when I eat something that isn’t appropriately accounted for. I still have to count carbohydrates and no, I haven’t forgotten what the Death Valley-like thirst of a 350 mg/dL feels like, although it happens less frequently.

My HbA1c Isn’t That Much Lower

I have always been maniacal about tight diabetes control. My A1cs have hovered in the low 6s for the last 10 or so years. With Loop, I immediately thought that my control would be *perfect* and I would ride out the 4s and 5s into an eternal sunset. NOPE. My latest A1c was 5.9%, which I am rightly ecstatic about, but it’s less than 1% point lower than I was on MDI and a CGM.

The key difference is that my time in range has increased from around 30% to 75%, and the number of lows that I experience has gone down from around 3 per day to 3 per week. It’s easy to have a low HbA1c when you have highs and lots of lows to average it out- it’s much harder (and healthier!) to have a lower HbA1c with few lows. And plus, I just feel healthier. And that has made all the difference.

Dexcom graph by Christine Fallabel

It’s a Mental Vacation

Being a human pancreas 24/7/365 is not easy (why didn’t anyone tell us this at diagnosis?!). In addition to running a household and having a full-time job (and texting everyone back, and maintaining some semblance of a fitness routine, and trying to eat something green at every meal), being an organ all of the time is hard work.

More than anything, a year into looping has given me the mental break I didn’t know I needed. Sure, I still have to count carbohydrates, adjust for exercise, and dose for meals, but hours can go by where I don’t think about diabetes at all, and that never used to happen. My mental distress has gone way down, and I don’t experience diabetes burnout at nearly the frequency I used to. This also helps maintain my motivation to continue to take care of myself and my diabetes.

Dosing Is More Discreet

As I make my way through my 30s, this is less of an issue (if you have a problem with me dosing in public, the problem is you, not my diabetes), but looping has definitely made checking my blood sugar (read: checking my phone) and dosing (also read: checking my phone) way more discreet in public than manually testing my blood sugar and dosing used to be. It’s also more hygienic (I change my insulin pump with plenty of alcohol swabs every 3 days from the comfort of my home), and more convenient. This is perfect when I’m out at a crowded concert, or squeezed into a small table at a restaurant.

It can also cause issues. For instance, if I’m in a public place where cell phones aren’t allowed, sometimes it’s difficult to explain that my iPhone is actually durable medical equipment (DME) that I need to survive. Let’s just say there have been some teachable moments.

Loop app screenshot by Christine Fallabel

I Am Happier

When I was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in June of 2000, my doctor told me that the cure was just 5 years away. I thought the cure was just around the corner, we all did. And learning that the “cure” is still out of sight, 15 years hence, has been a hard pill to swallow.

I’ve dealt with anxiety and the impending depression of only someone who has a chronic disease with no cause and no cure can experience, but having something like Loop feels like someone is finally on my side, looking out for me, and making things just a little bit easier when the load becomes too heavy of a burden to carry. I can go to sleep and know that my basal will immediately shut off if I start to go low overnight. I can relax if I’m digging into dinner at a friend’s house and I don’t know the exact carb count for a meal, knowing my basal will tick up to cover the difference.

Having a Loop feels a little bit like you have a certified diabetes educator (CDE) and best friend just sitting on your shoulder, making constant adjustments, never judging, and ensuring that you have a better go of it, a little bit of help when you need it. And that help has been life-changing. The cure may never have been 5 years out, but with Loop, I finally feel okay waiting just a little bit longer.

Do you DIY Loop? How has your experience been? Share this post and comment below; we would love to hear from you. Follow the #WeAreNotWaiting hashtag on Twitter to learn more about the DIY movement.

Source: diabetesdaily.com

What’s Coming and What’s Delayed in Continuous Glucose Monitoring?

This content originally appeared on diaTribe. Republished with permission.

By Albert Cai

Updates and delays from Abbott, Dexcom, Medtronic, and Senseonics

With several clinical trials on hold due to the COVID-19 pandemic, we’re bringing you a roundup of the latest updates on future continuous glucose monitors (CGM). Understandably, the FDA also announced a few months ago that it would focus its efforts on devices related to COVID-19. With the disclaimer that it’s impossible to know exactly when the pandemic will subside, when trials might resume, and how FDA reviews might be affected, here is the latest news we’ve heard from companies.

Click to jump to a product, which are organized alphabetically.

Abbott FreeStyle Libre 2

CGM

Image source: Abbott FreeStyle

What’s new? FreeStyle Libre 2 keeps the same “scanning” feature as the original FreeStyle Libre, but adds Bluetooth connectivity. This is important because it enables optional high and low glucose alerts. Users who enable these alerts will be able to get a notification on their reader or phone whenever their glucose reading goes above or below their specified ranges. Looking ahead, the Bluetooth feature will also allow FreeStyle Libre 2 to be part of automated insulin delivery systems (AID), like Insulet’s Omnipod Horizon.

Like the original FreeStyle Libre, FreeStyle Libre 2 has 14-day wear, is factory-calibrated (no fingerstick calibrations required), and can be scanned with either a phone or a reader device (the reader for FreeStyle Libre 2 is blue, instead of black). Importantly, FreeStyle Libre 2 will be offered at the same price as the original FreeStyle Libre.

When’s it coming? The FreeStyle Libre 2 has already launched in a few European countries (we know of Germany and Norway) and will launch in others soon. In the US, FreeStyle Libre 2 has been under FDA review for over a year. In March, Abbott said that it was working through “some finishing items” and was “very confident” the device would be cleared soon.

Dexcom G7

Dexcom

Image source: Dexcom

What’s new? Dexcom’s G7 will be fully disposable (the transmitter and sensor are combined and thrown away together) and have longer wear (we believe somewhere around 14-16 days). Remember that the Dexcom G6 sensor lasts for 10 days but has a transmitter that is re-used for 90 days. The G7 will be considerably slimmer than G6 and will have a lower cost of manufacturing in bulk, though consumer pricing is not yet determined – we imagine it will be similar. The G7 will keep the same accuracy, no fingerstick calibrations, and Bluetooth connectivity as the G6.

Dexcom has been developing G7 in partnership with Verily, the division of Alphabet formerly known as Google Life Sciences. There has been mention from Verily that an accelerometer may also be built-in to the G7 device, but we aren’t sure if that feature made it into the final version of G7. Having a built-in accelerometer could allow the G7 to also track physical activity, like a Fitbit or other fitness tracker.

When’s it coming? Dexcom planned on launching G7 in “early 2021,” but with most clinics placing new trials on hold, Dexcom is expecting a “minimum delay of approximately six months.” It’s difficult to know when clinics will be able to conduct trials (and when people will feel comfortable enrolling in trials), but assuming a six-month delay, G7 could be on the US market sometime in the second half of 2021.

Medtronic “Project Zeus” CGM

Abbott FreeStyle

Image source: Medtronic

What’s new? Medtronic’s next CGM, referred to as “Project Zeus,” will reduce the number of required fingerstick calibrations and have improved accuracy (compared to its current offering, Guardian Sensor 3). The new CGM will require day-one calibration (unclear on the number of fingersticks that will be required on day one), compared to Guardian Sensor 3, which requires at least two fingerstick calibrations every day. Medtronic expects Project Zeus to launch with a “non-adjunctive” indication, meaning users will be able to bolus insulin based on CGM reading alone, and not have to perform a confirmatory fingerstick. the new CGM will keep the same seven-day wear, size and shape, and reusable transmitter component as the Guardian Sensor 3 (pictured above).

When’s it coming? The trial for Project Zeus began in June 2019 and is expected to wrap up within the next month. Medtronic expects to submit the CGM to the FDA by the “end of the summer.”

Senseonics Eversense XL (180-day)

Eversense XL

Image source: Eversense XL

What’s new? The “XL” extended life-version of Senseonics’ Eversense in the U.S. will have the same size and features as the original Eversense, but the Eversense XL is implanted for 180 days, rather than the 90-day Eversense. As a reminder, the Eversense sensor is implanted in the users’ upper arm in a clinic and remains there for the sensor duration; a silver-dollar sized on-body transmitter is worn on the outside of the arm to deliver readings to a smartphone. Senseonics is targeting reducing calibrations from 2 per day to 1 per day with same non-adjunctive indication.

When’s it coming? Eversense XL is already available in Senseonics’ European markets. The trial for Eversense XL in the US wrapped up in late March, and Senseonics has previously aimed for FDA clearance in “late” 2020. We aren’t sure whether that timeline has been pushed back due to COVID-19, but the fact that the trial has already completed is encouraging.

Source: diabetesdaily.com

A D-Mom’s Changed Perspective Using Basal IQ

Technology continues to make managing our diabetes easier. Continuous glucose monitors, apps for carb counting and insulin pumps have all alleviated some of the stress of managing our condition. Tandem Diabetes created Basal IQ technology, which allows us to spend less time worrying about going low and let our devices do the work. For a person living with diabetes, this means less stress and more sleep.

Basal IQ technology helps reduce the frequency and duration of lows by predicting glucose levels and suspending insulin if the blood sugar level is thought to go below 80 mg/dL or the Dexcom reading goes below 70 mg/dL. Insulin delivery will start automatically once the blood glucose starts to rise again.

Basal IQ is different than the newly released Control IQ, in that Control IQ can adjust insulin delivery, including the delivery of automatic correction boluses as needed, therefore helping patients avoid episodes of hyperglycemia. Using either one of these systems also means fewer fingerpricks, as you will no longer have to get manually take your blood glucose reading.

Basal IQ technology has given many people living with diabetes, and those who love them, a little more rest and some peace of mind. A pivotal study showed the use of Basal-IQ Technology on the t:slim X2 Insulin Pump demonstrated a 31% relative reduction in time spent below 70 mg/dL when compared with a CGM-enabled pump without Basal-IQ Technology. Important to note, the less amount of time spent at lower glucose levels did not mean more time spent at higher glucose levels. Maintaining your target range has become a lot easier thanks to Basal IQ technology.

Photo credit: Allison Hoffman

One woman, Allison Hoffman, who helps manage her 10-year-old daughter, Becca’s diabetes, raved about the changes to her overall well-being since switching over to Basal IQ technology after relying on Omnipod for the past few years.

Here is her story:

For 7 years my mornings were absolute hell. While I would see others sleeping in, meditating, going to the gym, etc, I was a slave to Becca’s whackadoodle blood sugar swings, which would often start around 5:00 AM. My body learned to wake up at this time, and that I doubt I’ll ever be able to change.

My mornings would include me running up and down the stairs entering the bedroom, praying I wouldn’t wake her and deny her the right to sleep in, suspending insulin (audible beep I couldn’t silence), sticking glucose tabs in her mouth, often with the pay-off of a horrible blood sugar spike. I would start 95% of my days this way.

And the frustration! No adjustments to her settings were right. If I reduced her insulin she’d go high; .35 too low, .4 too high. I would wake up at 3:00 am to set a temp basal to get the amount she needed that Omnipod didn’t have as a preset-still wouldn’t work. Nothing I did was right.

Since starting on t:slim pump with basal IQ, I finally have my mornings back. It allows more fine-tuned insulin delivery and suspends when it predicts her to go low. As long as her sensor is good, and her insulin settings aren’t way off (I will always need to determine her insulin needs, it isn’t automatic), I can have a pretty peaceful morning now.

I can watch the news, or another show, or read, and my coffee doesn’t go cold. I can sit with my dog on my lap and not have to jump up every ten minutes to go deal with diabetes. I can breathe. And Becca can sleep peacefully.

I’ve made four seesaw activities for my students this morning and she’s still sleeping.

7 years of hell. I finally have my mornings back.

If you are living with type 1 diabetes and are considering a pump, you may want to look into t:slim X2 pump along with the Dexcom G6 so you can make use of the new Basal IQ or Control IQ technology. Their slogan is “live more and worry less” and I am so glad this seems to be the case for so many.

Have you tried out this technology? How has your experience been?

Source: diabetesdaily.com

How to Make an Emergency Preparedness Plan

The reality of living in a time of a global pandemic, such as COVID-19, is slowly starting to sink in for millions of Americans. Without any preventive antibodies, vaccine, or cure, it is extremely scary when the closest thing we can do to protect ourselves is to wash our hands, avoid sick people, and remain socially distant at all times. With society all but shut down, here’s our guide to creating an emergency preparedness plan if you get sick and/or need to quarantine in place for a long period of time.

What and How Much to Stock Up on to Shelter-In-Place

With shelter-in-place mandates in all but a handful of states, it’s important to know what you’ll need for (ideally) several weeks without leaving home. People with diabetes are more susceptible to having severe complications from COVID-19, so even though grocery shopping and going to the pharmacy is permitted under a shelter-in-place order, it’s not necessarily recommended. Even though the food supply-chain will not break down, it’s best to not be running to the grocery store any more often than you absolutely need to, so try and stock up on at least two weeks’ worth of shelf-stable food, water, and toiletries. In a pinch, apps like Instacart and Amazon Fresh offer online grocery orders, so if you’re running low on some staples but don’t want to leave home, these are a great option to have.

Shelf-stable foods:

  • Dried beans
  • Rice
  • Lentils
  • Flour
  • Pasta
  • Canned and frozen vegetables
  • Canned soups
  • Peanut butter
  • Canned and frozen fruits
  • Canned meats and seafoods

In a March interview with NPR, Dr. Peter Jacobson, a University of Michigan professor of health law and policy, advises a stockpile of at least 90 days for medical supplies:

“People should not be caught short of having enough heart medications, diabetic medications, or any potentially life-saving medication that they need on a routine, daily or weekly or monthly basis,” he said.

Sometimes this can be as easy as signing up for your pharmacy’s mail-order option or talking to your pharmacist and asking if they can fill your routine medications for 90 days instead of 30.

Contacts to Have on Hand

Now is an excellent time to gather all of your important phone numbers for doctors and family members should you need to get in contact with them quickly (or if you fall ill and your spouse needs to contact someone quickly). Important numbers to gather and have in a communal space (like pinned up on the refrigerator):

  • Endocrinologist
  • Primary Care Physician (PCP)
  • Your Employer
  • Immediate Family Members
  • Trustworthy Neighbor
  • Local hospital (where your insurance is accepted!)
  • Your Pharmacy/Pharmacist
  • Water Company
  • Power Company
  • Internet Provider
  • Children’s School or Daycare

Have a Plan B If You Need to Evacuate

Have a plan in place if you’ll need to evacuate your home or city. Reach out to your support network of family members or close friends should you need to self-isolate due to COVID-19 exposure, or if you feel your city is becoming unsafe and you need to get away. Make sure you prepare a packing list, have a to-go bag ready, and prepare your home if you need to leave quickly. Conditions can change quickly, so it’s important you know where you can go, how to get there, and what to bring if and when you need to leave.

Important things to pack in a to-go bag:

  • All medications, insulin, and diabetes supplies
  • Cold and flu medicines
  • Low supplies
  • Toiletries and extra towels
  • Clothing/pajamas/exercise clothes and extra socks and shoes
  • First aid kit
  • Copies of important documents, such as prescriptions and ID
  • Chargers for CGM, cell-phone, etc.
  • Vitamins and self-care essentials
  • Books and important mementos

What Do I Do in the Case of…?

It’s a scary time to be quarantined in your home, away from many friends and family. It’s even scarier when you have diabetes. Here are some common conundrums and resources to help you:

  • I Suspect I Have COVID-19: Read up on COVID-19 , and if you suspect you’ve been exposed to the virus, self-isolate immediately and call your physician to describe your symptoms. They will guide you as to what your next steps should be.
  • I Have a Bad Low and I’m Home Alone: If you’re home alone and are battling a bad low, call 911 immediately. If you can access your glucagon, get that while you’re on the phone with an emergency dispatcher. It’s best to know how to inject glucagon before you ever need to know. Learn how to do so here.
  • I’m Sad and Scared During This Time: If you are having trouble managing the emotional toll during this time, check out our top ways to protect your mental health. You can also take advantage of telehealth, and schedule some time with a counselor to talk about your feelings during this hard time.
  • I’m in DKA: If your blood sugar has been persistently high, you have ketones, and you think you may be developing diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), it’s time to either go to your local emergency department, or call 911 (if you are unable to drive). Be sure to act quickly, as time is of the essence when it comes to extremely high blood glucose levels. Medical professionals will be able to re-hydrate you, better regulate your glucose levels, and monitor you, keeping you safer than you will be at home.

Whether you come down with coronavirus, you are quarantined, or you are self-isolating, you may be unable to venture out to pick up your prescriptions. You may be able to get your medication delivered directly to you. Here’s how:

  • Reach out to big chain drug stores. Both CVS and Walgreens are currently offering free home delivery of prescription drugs.
  • Call your regular pharmacy. Many smaller pharmacies will usually deliver medications for free.
  • Try a mail-order pharmacy. They often offer great discounts (sometimes as much as 90-day supplies for the co-payment of 60 days) as well as free shipping. Find out if your insurance company will cover a mail-order option.
  •  If you need a new prescription, but either can’t get to your doctor’s office, nor can you take advantage of telehealth, consider using HeyDoctor, GoodRx’s telehealth service. HeyDoctor visits cost a flat fee of $20, regardless of your insurance (and even without insurance). They’re currently offering free COVID-19 screening consults.
  • Check out new programs directly from insulin manufacturers. Eli Lilly , Novo Nordisk, and Insulet have recently set up new affordability programs.
  • I Lost My Job: This global pandemic has quickly turned into an economic crisis, with millions of Americans losing their jobs and having their work hours cut, in short order. In the US, losing a job can often mean also losing your health insurance, which is terrifying for someone living with diabetes. Check out our guide to finding affordable health care if you find yourself recently unemployed due to the COVID-19 crisis.

We’re living in extraordinary times, but having an emergency preparedness plan in place can help you manage circumstances in these extreme conditions. What are some ways in which you’ve planned for the worst (but hoped for the best?). What has helped you the most? Share this post and comment below; we love hearing your stories.

Source: diabetesdaily.com

Spouse of Type 1 Warrior and Cancer Survivor Stays Positive Amidst COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic is affecting all of us, but for those with multiple underlying health conditions, is of even greater concern. David, whose wife not only lives with type 1 diabetes, but is also a cancer survivor, took time to speak to us about how their family is handling these challenging times.

David, thank you so much for taking the time to talk to me. The COVID-19 pandemic has left us all in fear, especially for those who are elderly or have pre-existing conditions, and for those who love them. Knowing that your wife, Pamela, fits this demographic by not only being a type 1 warrior but also a cancer survivor, adds an extra layer to this difficult time.

I am sure you are very worried about Pam. I know you are an extremely supportive husband. So much so that I was lucky enough to meet you at a diabetes event in Philadelphia a few years back!

I thought it would be nice for our readers, especially those who are “type 3” and love someone who is living with diabetes (and other conditions) to hear a perspective of such a dedicated husband!

At what age was Pamela diagnosed and how old is she now?

Pam was diagnosed at the age of 11 and she is 42 years old now.

When you made those vows to Pam, what were some things you vowed to do for her knowing that she lived with this chronic condition?

My mom was type 1 since before I was born. I knew going into it what the risks were. My mom had open heart surgery and amputations when I was young. I vowed to take care of my wife like I did mom.

When was Pam diagnosed with oral cancer? I can’t imagine how difficult that was to get through for Pam and her family. How did you find ways to keep Pam and yourself positive?

In 2006, when we were 28 and married for five years, and again in 2007. I did not allow myself to think of a negative outcome. I try to think positively about things.

Before this pandemic started, how were things going? How has Pam’s health been? Her diabetes management? Thankfully, I know she is cancer-free. 

Things were going well. We have the Dexcom and Omnipod to help with control.

Once you heard COVID-19 was picking up speed in your area, what was the first thing you did to prepare?

Shopped for more than just a few days. Typically, we make store runs a few times per week so we tried to lessen our public exposure. It’s really just starting in our rural area.

Photo credit: David

Did Pam run into any problems getting anything she needed in terms of medication, supplies, etc.?

Not really because we try to keep ahead of diabetes supplies. There have been times in our younger years where she did not have insurance, so we like to be prepared.

How is your family handling what is going on in the world? What extra precautions are you taking given that Pam is living with type 1 diabetes and has also battled cancer?

She is also asthmatic so we have been staying home as much as possible. Limiting contact with other people as much as possible.

I am sure you have worried many times over the years about Pam’s health. That takes a toll on our loved ones and makes us worry! How have you made sure to take care of your own emotional, mental and physical well-being?

I try to think positively and not dwell on the negative things. My wife does that enough for both of us.

If there is one piece of advice you would offer to spouses, parents or anyone else with loved ones with preexisting conditions or other health issues who are going through the same thing?

Be there with them so that they aren’t going through it alone.

If there is one positive to come out of this crisis, what would it be? I think we could all use a silver lining!

That people will not take their loved ones and the time spent together for granted, maybe have more compassion for fellow humans.

Thank you so much for taking the time to talk to me. I hope you and your family continue to remain safe and healthy!

Source: diabetesdaily.com

A 10 Year Old’s Advice on How to Beat Boredom During COVID-19

Written by Danielle Caggia

With my children home indefinitely, I thought an appropriate project for my very bored 10-year-old daughter was to come up with a list for kids, by a kid, on how to not stayed bored during this challenging time. I hope you and your children enjoy Danielle’s tips on how to stay entertained. Stay safe, everyone!

The Coronavirus has forced all of our schools, stores, gyms, and restaurants to close down. While we will keep busy with distance learning, we kids need some ideas on how to pass the time, too. If you are a kid like me and looking for things to do, here are my top 10 ways to avoid boredom while being stuck at home.

Provided by Jillian Rippolone

1. Get Crafty

I love to draw and create things. There are so many ideas online and you can even get creative with the things in your home like cotton balls and paper plates! (Allison’s tip: if your child with diabetes wears a continuous glucose monitor or an Omnipod, you can be creative and decorate them! Check out my favorite from my friend, Jillian Rippolone, T1dChick.)

2. Watch Movies

Let a family member pick a new movie each night. It will allow you and your family to be together and appreciate each other’s favorite movies, too. So far, my brother and I have agreed on all of our choices! (Allison’s tip: there are so many movies that portray diabetes inaccurately. Get a laugh with your family watching movies from this list. And be thankful for technology and the progress we’ve made as a community!)

3. Start a Journal

With everything going on in the world, this is a great time to put down your thoughts and feelings. Hopefully, when this is all over, you can look back and reflect. (Allison’s tip: This is not a bad time to let children with diabetes take some ownership over their diabetes management if they show interest. Jotting down what they’ve eaten, the carb count, and the insulin dose taken may be a great exercise to empower them in the future! This may also be a great exercise for us adults living with diabetes and can also help our mental state.)

Provided by Allison Caggia

4. Connect with Others

I miss my friends! Thanks to phones and social media, I can stay connected and we can make each other smile! (Allison adds: We really all need each other to lean on during this time. No matter where you stand on screen time, make sure to take advantage and stay connected to your loved ones like grandparents and your friends who are alone.) (Allison’s tip: This is a great time for children with diabetes to get a penpal! Beyond Type 1 has an amazing Snail Mail Program that will help your children to form friendships and not feel so alone.)

Provided by Allison Caggia

5. Bake

My mom loves making healthy foods. I am going to help her come up with some tasty desserts that will last us a while. Check out some ideas here! (Allison’s tip: This is a great time to experiment with some low-carb options of your favorite desserts, visit Caroline’s Keto Kitchen for some delicious ideas.)

Provided by Allison Caggia

6. Get Some Fresh Air

With the warmer weather coming, we should all take advantage of the not so cold temperatures. Getting outside can also help stop the spread of germs. And it can also help us clear our minds. (Allison’s tip: Someone posted in my neighborhood Facebook group about having the children participate in a “rainbow hunt.” We all asked our children to draw a rainbow and place it somewhere noticeable outdoors, on your door or a window, etc. Then take a nice walk with your family and see how many you can find!)

Provided by Allison Caggia

7. Have a Picnic in the Car

My mom and I love being out and about! Two of our favorite things to do are going out to lunch and shopping. We decided to have a lunch date in the car and it was nice to get out of the house for a while. (Allison’s tip: Always be prepared. I wound up going very low because the food we ordered for curbside was taking longer than expected. Luckily, I had a Gatorade in my glove compartment. I was glad I was prepared and that my low didn’t ruin our mommy-daughter time!)

Provided by Allison Caggia. This was taken way before social distancing was even a thing.

8. Do Something Good for the Community

There is so much sadness in the world right now. Figure out a way your family can safely help. My mom and I always ask our elderly neighbors if they need anything when we go to the grocery store. And our project for this upcoming weekend is to look through this list and pick a way to give back! (Allison’s tip: Check-in on your local diabuddies to make sure everyone has insulin and supplies. I taught my daughter and her friends a valuable lesson this winter, when we delivered insulin to a diabuddy in need.)

Provided by Allison Caggia

9. Pamper Yourself

I love face masks! And lotions! Use this time to take bubble baths, try new hairstyles and maybe even offer a family member a free manicure! (Allison’s tip: Our skin is often put through the wringer with harsh adhesives and constant pricks and injections. Rotate your sites and let your skin breathe!)

Provided by Allison Caggia

10. Get Active

It’s important to not just sit around and be lazy. We must take the time to exercise our brains and our bodies! If you have a mom who is a CrossFit fanatic like mine, you may find yourself doing “wods” (workout of the day). She sometimes schedules workouts, and my friends join in from their homes, it’s a lot of fun! This is my friend, and our moms are doing an awesome workout called Deck of Death! Find a way to be active; you won’t be sorry! (Allison’s tip: Check out our latest article COVID-19: Apps to Stay Active at Home).

This is a really strange time for all of us. I am trying my best to stay upbeat and happy. Because I know I do have a lot to be thankful for. I can’t wait to see my friends and do all the things I love again! I hope you all stay safe, healthy and entertained!

Source: diabetesdaily.com

Automated Insulin Delivery: Six Universal Observations and Understandings

This content originally appeared on diaTribe. Republished with permission.

By Laurel Messer

Six universal facts about automated insulin delivery systems, and the things you should keep in mind about this revolutionary technology

Automated insulin delivery (AID) systems are moving towards the forefront of diabetes management. AID systems combine continuous glucose monitors (CGM) with smart algorithms to automatically adjust insulin delivery.

The Tandem Control-IQ system was recently cleared by the FDA, and the Insulet Horizon and Medtronic Advanced Hybrid Closed Loop systems are beginning pivotal trials. These are encouraging developments. As more systems move through the pipeline and eventually into the commercial market, important patterns are emerging in user expectations and user experience. As a diabetes nurse, certified diabetes educator and research investigator, I, along with my team at the Barbara Davis Center, have worked with nearly every AID system in the pipeline, and other systems that will never make it to market. Here are six insights we have gleaned, which seem to be universal (thus far) to all AID systems:

1. You can always beat an AID system with compulsive diabetes management

Many people with diabetes compulsively attend to diabetes care in order to achieve ultra-tight glucose ranges – and are the first to ask about automated systems. What ends up happening is that these “super-users” are invariably frustrated that the system is not yielding the same results that they were able to achieve with their own calculations and management. An important point is that many automated systems are excellent at reducing mental burden for taking care of diabetes, excellent at reducing hypoglycemia, and adequate at improving glucose levels. Humans can beat automated systems if they attend to diabetes care near-constantly. The individuals who will likely be satisfied with AID are those who are comfortable with an A1C in the 7s or above, but they want to reduce the mental load of adjusting settings and micromanaging high glucose levels. The most important question to ask is, “Why do I want to start using an automated system?” If it is to achieve near-perfect glucose levels, the system will likely disappoint. If it is to reduce the burden of “thinking like a pancreas” all the time, it may be a good option. AID will excel at the marathon of diabetes care but may disappoint in the hour-to-hour sprint.

2. Systems work best when you let them work

Using both research and commercial systems, we have seen all the ways to “trick” AID systems—entering phantom carbohydrates, changing set points, performing manual corrections, overriding recommended doses. More often than not, these behaviors lead to glucose instability – reactionary highs and lows from the system destabilizing. All systems will perform best if they are used according to user instructions. This is difficult for the individual who would prefer to micro-adjust settings or desire control over all insulin delivery. Most systems work best when users learn to trust them.

3. Give the system a chance – 2-4 weeks before deciding long term potential

It may benefit us to think about AID like a new significant relationship – it can take some time to “settle.” I mean this both on an interaction level (learning how to respond to alerts, when to intervene, when to let it ride) and on an algorithm level (allowing the system to adjust internal algorithm parameters based on usage). In addition, programmable user settings may need some adjustment in the first few weeks of use, so working with diabetes educators can be helpful for initial set-up and early follow-up.

4. Bolusing is still king

If I could go back in time, I would caution device manufacturers against any whisper of not needing to bolus with AID systems. Bolusing is the singular most important action a person with diabetes can do to optimize insulin delivery on current and near-future automated systems. This will be true until insulin action time gets exponentially faster or artificial intelligence gets better at predicting human behavior, neither of which is on the immediate horizon. In order for people with diabetes to see the best performance on any system (automated or manual), they need to bolus before carbohydrates are consumed. Specific to AID, the timing of the bolus (prior to carb intake) is especially important, as the system will automatically increase insulin delivery after an initial rise of glucose levels, so a late bolus (e.g., after the meal) could lead to insulin stacking and hypoglycemia.

5. Rethinking low treatments

Low glucose levels (hypoglycemia) still happen when using automated systems. What is different with AID is that the system has been trying to prevent the low by reducing/suspending insulin, possibly hours before the low occurs. This means that an individual may need to consume significantly fewer carbs to bring glucose levels back into range – perhaps 5-10 grams of carb at first, reassessing 15-20 minutes later. This can be difficult when wanting to eat everything in sight; however, it can reduce the chance of rebounding into the 200s after over-treating.

6. Infusion sets are still infusion sets

While AID algorithms are revolutionary, the infusion set is not. It is the same plastic or steel cannula that occludes, kinks, or inflames. This hardware limits automated systems and can very quickly lead to hyperglycemia or diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA). It is important for people using AID to recognize signs of infusion set failure – persistent hyperglycemia, boluses that do not bring glucose levels down, ketones, vomiting, etc. Knowing how to treat ketones (via syringe injection of insulin and set change) can prevent a hospital admission or worse.

I love that the diabetes community learns from its members and experiences. Check out our Barbara Davis Center PANTHER (Practical Advanced THERapies for diabetes) website for our team’s latest insights on automated insulin delivery, and tools for people with diabetes, clinicians, and engineers.

Are you considering AID? Feel free to share this article with your healthcare team. For more information about AID systems that are currently available or in the pipeline, click here.

About Laurel

Laurel H. Messer is a nurse scientist and certified diabetes educator at the Barbara Davis Center for Diabetes, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, CO. She has spent the last 15 years studying how to best utilize new diabetes technologies, and remembers fondly teaching families to wrap up their corded CGM system in a plastic shower bag for bathing. Ok, not that fondly, but look how far we have come! Dr. Messer works with the Barbara Davis Center PANTHER team (Practical Advanced Therapies for diabetes), conducting clinical research trials on promising technologies to make life better for children, adolescents, and adults living with type 1 diabetes. Get in touch at Laurel.Messer@cuanschutz.edu

Source: diabetesdaily.com

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